Knee replacement, also known as knee arthroplasty (knee surfacing), is a surgical procedure to replace the weight-bearing surfaces of the diseased knee with an artificial man-made joint to relieve pain and disability. Knee replacement surgery restores the knee joints restoring mobility and removing pain and stiffness experiences without the surgery. Those who have damaged or degenerated knees due to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis when an injury has damaged the knee are the ones who need replacement knee surgery.
Most patients undergoing total knee replacement (total knee arthroplasty) are 50 and older but it's not uncommon in the younger population as well as total knee arthroplasty is performed successfully at all ages, from the young to the elderly with degenerative arthritis. Decisions and recommendations for the surgery are based on a patient's pain and disability. The decision to have total knee replacement surgery should be made keeping in mind, your will and consulting between your family, family physician, and your orthopaedic surgeon. After a thorough evaluation, an orthopaedic surgeon will determine how you get to benefit from this surgery.
The types of knee replacement surgery include- Total Knee Replacement (Total knee arthroplasty) Surgery in which both of your knee joints are replaced, Partial Knee Replacement (Unicondylar Knee Replacement) Surgery in which only one of your knee joints is replaced in a smaller operation with a shorter hospital stay and recovery period, Kneecap replacement (patellofemoral arthroplasty) and Complex or revision knee replacement. The type of surgery required will be decided by your orthopaedic surgeon after taking into account your condition.
Recovering from a total knee arthroplasty or knee replacement and managing the post-operative pain is done with many aids like self-administered analgesics. Recovery begins right after the surgery with managing to stand and walk on the first day and to be able to do daily activities at home after discharge. The average duration of hospital stay is generally 5-8 days but can vary from person to person. Walkers or crutches are generally required for ease of movement and subsequently, physiotherapy is also essential for a smooth and quick recovery. It takes about 3 weeks to 3 months for the knee to recover to a point where one is back to full activity and about a year for absolute recovery to occur.
During recovery after total knee arthroplasty, it’s necessary for the patient to try and progressively remain active. In the period of initial healing, the patient may constantly require assistance for their movement and the need for a caretaker becomes essential.
From their daily walks, adequate physiotherapy, Emoha Care Angels (nurses) ensure that they get the best quality care for a speedy recovery. Emoha Elder Care offers comprehensive post-surgical care for your elderly. Apart from taking care of their physical health, Emoha also offers engagement services and activities specially curated for the elderly. After all, happiness ought to cause a faster recovery.