Did you know that you can grow coriander all year at home? Coriander or Cilantro is a quick-growing plant that grows in any place from 12 to 24 inches. Coriander matures about 40-45 days following seeding. With a bit of extra care, growing coriander at home can be an easy process. There isn’t an Indian dish that is not made using coriander. Their green leaves, stalks, and dried seeds are utilised across the globe as spices and aromatic herbs. Coriander stems and foliage have a strong flavour. As a spice and seasoning, it has numerous health advantages, from facilitating your skin to become supple to lowering your cardiovascular disease risk. Read further to learn some simple gardening techniques to grow this beneficial herb at home.
How to grow coriander at home
The sprouting technique is among the simplest ways to plant coriander seeds. In a small bowl, pre-soak the coriander seeds overnight. Then store them in a plastic pack or pouch and seal them. Allow direct sunshine to hit the pack for a day or two until a tiny white sprout emerges. If necessary, add a little water to guarantee that the pouch keeps up with the moisture. Open the plastic bag and add little topsoil into it. You will find the seedlings have sprouted already. After the seedlings have grown in size, could you place them in a box with new soil? Add a light coating of mud on the base of the sowed seeds. Ensure the box receives at least 4 – 5 hours of sunlight daily.
Growing coriander in Pots
Home gardening is the best option when it comes to growing coriander. Cilantro is a fast-growing plant that can be grown throughout the year and grows twelve to twenty-two inches tall. Coriander may be grown inside and outside. We advocate growing coriander herbs in a large pot alongside the other herbs because herbs make fantastic companions and support positive growth.
To grow coriander, follow the below-mentioned steps carefully.
Choose a location for your box that allows the plant to thrive for a minimum of 4 to 5 hours. Expose the plant to the early sun since it prefers a large amount of sunlight but not excessive heat.
Pick any pot or box that is deep enough to accommodate the roots (about ten inches). In container gardening, always ensure the down part of the box has sufficient drainage holes.
If grown inside, coriander requires additional fertile soil. Because the root system reach is constrained and cannot reach enough soil for nutrients compared to the yard, the soil nutritional concentration must be more significant.
Soak the seeds in water entirely at night. While planting in the pot, spread the seedlings three to four inches away. You could also germinate the seeds before planting.
Whenever the earth is dry enough to touch, rinse the plants and water carefully until water drains from the holes in the bottom. Maintain the moisture in the soil. Water carefully and slowly.
Start planting fresh seeds every six weeks to ensure consistent production throughout the year.
Tips for growing coriander in an indoor garden
- Coriander grows properly in temperatures ranging from 17° to 27° C. It is typically planted straight in containers instead of using seedling sheets and then transplanted.
- This herb can be grown in direct sunlight and well-drained soils with a pH range of 6.2 to 6.8. Plant the coriander seeds inside the ground approximately a half-inch deep. Leave about a 6-inch spacing between the seeds. Top with a coating of fresh mulch after pressing the topsoil above the seeds. Make sure you moist it thoroughly.
- During dry spells, hydrate the plants. One of the best gardening tips to prevent fungal diseases is to avoid overwatering the plants. Coriander contains long taproots, and better soil runoff is vital for excellent root conditions.
- Coriander takes nearly two to three weeks to germinate. To enable immature plants to develop to their maximum size, trim them to 20 cm away. To prolong the yield of coriander, cut delicate stems regularly.
Common problems to avoid while growing coriander
Coriander does have a propensity to bolt into blossom, which means rather than producing leaves, the crop skips right to the flower initiation. Heat, transplanting, or inadequate watering could all cause bolting. Nevertheless, you can perform specific measures to extend the leaf formation phase. Maintain the soil moisture, and then sow the seeds in a partially shaded area that receives enough sunlight to grow appropriately. Coriander is a beautiful crop for succession planting. Therefore, seed after 5-6 weeks to get the best results.
- Root Rot
Coriander may be affected by root rot. This condition occurs when the plant’s roots get overly damp. As a result, well-drained topsoil with blended sand is required for increased plant draining. Excessive moisture can also cause soil overabundance and the growth of some leaf diseases. Watering during the day, avoiding irrigation in the evenings, and not overwatering the plants are basic precautions that may be used to prevent this.
Health Benefits of Coriander
There are many health benefits of gardening coriander at home.
- Coriander leaves are full of nutrients. They contain vitamin C and K and proteins. It has antibacterial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties.
- The herb has linoleic acid and citronellal, which have anti-inflammatory properties. The herbs aid in the prevention of discomfort, like swelling caused by arthritis, kidney problems, or anaemia. Coriander intake also enhances the skin glow and aids in treating fungus infections and dermatitis.
- Coriander contains linoleic, oleic, stearic acid, and vitamin C, which is beneficial in lowering blood levels of cholesterol. It aids in reducing harmful LDL cholesterol accumulation and increases good HDL cholesterol, averting various cardiovascular disorders.
- Coriander helps to stimulate blood glucose levels and has anti-diabetic properties. The pancreas release of glucose is raised when this plant is consumed. This herb causes a rise in insulin levels in the bloodstream. As a consequence, the body’s glucose assimilation and uptake are managed.
- Coriander has a lot of iron. It helps prevent anaemia and the healthy functioning of every organ system.
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Coriander is a multipurpose herb that virtually everyone likes. A dish with freshly chopped coriander leaves on top tastes very differently, and coriander enhances the overall depth of flavour of the food. How about growing these valuable gardening plants in your garden all-round the year? The best part about growing coriander is that it doesn’t need a vast area to be produced. It is simple to cultivate in a pot beside a kitchen window that gets sunshine. With a bit of additional care and simple techniques, growing coriander at home or in your kitchen garden can be a breeze.
How does one go about growing coriander from seed?
Coriander can be produced from seed or transplanted from nurseries. When planting the seeds in containers, use regular potting soil. When the seeds grow, maintain the damp soil. Thin the sprouts to approximately 6 inches away as they develop, and keep them regularly hydrated. You can also grow coriander in the terrace garden.
Why isn’t my coriander growing?
Infection, overpopulation of seedlings, root-bound crop, water logging or less water, and exposure to extreme temperatures are the most common causes of coriander plant failure. These crops would not grow adequately due to various environmental factors and poor growing techniques.
What causes the yellowing of coriander leaves?
Drought, insufficient watering, and rapid drainage soil are the most prevalent causes of a withering coriander plant. Excess watering, using too much nitrogen fertiliser, or growing coriander in containers without draining will make the leaves yellow, giving the plant a dying look.
Will coriander regroup after being cut?
Coriander that has been completely cut back may soon grow again. However, experts advise pruning only what you require at the moment to promote vigorous growth. If coriander is cultivated in optimum conditions and harvested regularly, the same plant can produce for several weeks.
What plant pests are prevalent in Cilantro?
Thrips, armyworms, caterpillars, and root-knot worms are among pests to keep an eye out for. Bacterial blight spots, mushy rotting, carrots, motley pygmy, damping-off, and powdery mildew are all common diseases that damage coriander. You could limit the likelihood of illness by eliminating overhead watering and not dealing with the crop when it’s moist.