Understanding Normal Blood Pressure (Systolic, Diastolic)
What Is Normal BP?
Do you feel dizzy and lightheaded after waking up, have problems viewing things due to blurred vision, or sometimes your nose bleeds, or you go through constant headaches and blackouts? If that’s the case, you might be dealing with abnormal blood pressure (BP). Trust us, and please don’t ignore these signs. Our body shows certain signs or symptoms when something is not right internally or externally in the body. If you are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms, it’s wise to analyze your body and consult a doctor.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of blood circulation from the heart to the entire body. The Average blood pressure differs for different sex, and it tends to rise with age. You need to understand how blood pressure affects your health and how to combat those challenges. According to the American Heart Association, normal blood pressure for adults (ages 20 and older) is less than 120/80 mm Hg.
Normal BP Range For Women
Do you know high blood pressure is sometimes referred to as a ‘silent condition’ in women? Women dealing with high blood pressure may not experience any high BP symptoms whatsoever, which is why the name ‘silent condition’. Often time’s symptoms don’t appear until the condition has become severe or when the elevated blood pressure has damaged the blood vessels to break. These symptoms include red spots in front of the eyes, dizziness, and skin flushing. Women aged 21-25 have the lowest normal diastolic reading (115.5-70.5), while women aged 31-35 have the lowest normal systolic reading (110.5/72.5). The age group with the highest normal blood pressure reading in women is between ages 56 and 60 (132.5/78.5).
Normal Bp Range For Men
The average BP range for men varies by age group. The age group with the lowest normal blood pressure reading in men is 31-35 years (114.5/75.5). The age group with the highest normal blood pressure level reading in men is 61-65 years (143.5/76.5).
Here are a few healthy tips for keeping your blood pressure in the normal range:-
- Exercise, exercise, and exercise
- Lose excess weight
- Incorporate a healthy diet
- Revise your salt intake
- Ditch smoking and put a brake on alcohol consumption
- Always have a nutritious breakfast
Blood Pressure Stages
Blood pressure for adults is divided into stages. At each stage, there is a greater risk to your health and body. These stages vary from normal, elevated to high blood pressure conditions. A hypertensive crisis, which is measured at 180/120, is a sharp increase in blood pressure that may cause a stroke.
Stages of High Blood Pressure:
|Range of Systolic blood pressure||Range of Diastolic blood pressure|
|Elevated||120-129 mm Hg||Less than 80|
|Stage 1 Hypertension||130-139 mm Hg||80-89 mm Hg|
|Stage 2 Hypertension||140 mm Hg and up||90 mm Hg and up|
|Hypertensive crisis||180 mm Hg and up||120 mm Hg and up|
Blood Pressure Chart By Age, Gender, And Height
Blood pressure by age and gender
|18-39 years||119/70 mm Hg||110/68 mm Hg|
|40-59 years||124/77 mm Hg||122/74 mm Hg|
|60+ years||133/69 mm Hg||139/68 mm Hg|
Blood pressure chart by age and height
BP Chart by height for females
BP Pressure chart by height for male
Low Blood Pressure Range
With lack of concentration, fatigue, nausea, blurred vision, fainting, and dizziness as symptoms, low blood pressure is caused by heat exhaustion, liver disease, heart failure, excessive medications, pregnancy, or hormonal problems such as under-active thyroid, diabetes, and hypoglycemia. Low blood pressure does not require treatment, although instilling some healthy habits in your day-to-day activities can keep your blood pressure level in normal parameters:
- Drinking more fluids.
- Taking blood pressure-raising medicines.
- Changing your standing/sitting habits.
- Consuming a balanced diet.
Blood pressure (Systolic & Diastolic) chart by age
|Age||Minimum (Systolic/Diastolic)||Normal (Systolic/Diastolic)||Maximum |
|1 to 12 months||75/50||90/60||100/75|
|1 to 5 years||80/55||95/65||110/79|
|6 to 13 years||90/60||105/70||115/80|
|14 to 19 years||105/73||117/77||120/81|
|20 to 24 years||108/75||120/79||132/83|
|25 to 29 years||109/76||121/80||133/84|
|30 to 34 years||110/77||122/81||134/85|
|35 to 39 years||111/78||123/82||135/86|
|40 to 44 years||112/79||125/83||137/87|
|45 to 49 years||115/80||127/84||139/88|
|50 to 54 years||116/81||129/85||142/89|
|55 to 59 years||118/82||131/86||144/90|
|60 to 64 years||121/83||134/87||147/91|
Diastolic Blood Pressure Range
The heart rests between beats, so it can be reloaded with blood, this pause in between beats for the refilling of blood is known as “Diastole”. A normal diastolic blood pressure range during quiet rest is 80 mmHg or a little below. If you have high blood pressure, the diastolic number is often higher even during quiet rest. A Low diastolic pressure range may be detected with dehydration or with severe bleeding.
Typical diastolic BP range:
|Blood Pressure Category||Diastolic pressure range mmHg|
|Normal||Less than 80|
|Elevated||Less than 80|
|High blood pressure||80-89|
|High blood pressure||90 or higher|
|Hypertensive crisis||Higher than 120|
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the normal BP range by age?
The following chart indicates the normal BP range by age:-
119/70 mm Hg
110/68 mm Hg
124/77 mm Hg
122/74 mm Hg
133/69 mm Hg
139/68 mm Hg
What do the different ranges of blood pressure indicate about one’s health?
The different ranges of blood pressure signify the different stages of blood pressure category, ranging from normal, elevated, and high blood pressure.
This chart below will explain the different ranges of blood pressure –
Blood Pressure Category
Less than 120
Less than 80
Less than 80
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension Stage 1)
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension Stage 2)
140 or higher
90 or higher
Higher than 180
Higher than 120
A blood pressure of 140/70 mmHg indicates stage 1 Hypertension. Hypertension is the most hazardous symptom, it increases your risk of life-threatening harm such as stroke and heart attacks. Blood pressure in this range may also damage the kidneys and heart and affect particularly those people who already have chronic medical problems, distressing these organs.
The normal blood pressure range of women aged 18-39 years is 110/68 mm Hg.
If the blood pressure reading is lower than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) for the highest number (systolic) or 60 mm Hg for the lowest number (diastolic) is generally considered to be a low blood pressure range.
The ideal BP range is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. The highest BP level is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher. A low BP level is considered to be 90/60mmHg or lower.
A normal blood pressure level is less than 120/80 mmHg. No matter your age, you should incorporate a healthy lifestyle and a healthy diet to keep your blood pressure in the normal range.
These are some natural ways to bring down your high blood pressure-
Walk and exercise regularly.
Reduce the intake of sodium in your diet.
Drink less alcohol.
If you’re a sweet tooth, this remedy will be your favourite – eat dark chocolate and cocoa.
Eat calcium-rich food like dairy, leafy greens and beans.
Cut back on caffeine intake.
Taking natural supplements like aged garlic extract, fish oil, whey protein, berberine, and hibiscus can instantly lower your high blood pressure.
Eat magnesium-rich foods like legumes and whole grains.
Meditation and deep breathing can activate the parasympathetic nervous system, which helps slow your heart rate and ultimately lowers your blood pressure level.
Eating berries lowers your blood pressure and the risk of heart diseases.
Normal blood pressure is systolic of less than 120 and diastolic of less than 80 (120/80). However, elevated blood pressure values are systolic of 120 – 129 and diastolic less than 80.