Approximately 77 million in India suffer from Diabetes, most of them in the urban area, making it the country with the largest number of diabetics in the world. Type 2 Diabetes, in which the body becomes resistant to the action of insulin leading to increased blood sugar levels, is more common in our country.
Diabetes, also called Diabetes mellitus, is a group of chronic metabolic diseases that result in high blood sugar (glucose) levels. Our body has a hormone called insulin that lowers the blood sugar levels. In diabetes mellitus, the body either doesn’t make enough insulin or is unable to effectively use it, resulting in an increase in the blood levels of glucose. If untreated, this can cause damage to the nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.
In India approximately 77 million people suffer from this health condition, most of them in the urban area, making it the country with the largest number of diabetics in the world.
Different types of Diabetes:
• Types 1 Diabetes, an autoimmune disease, where the cells of the pancreas are destroyed, resulting in decreased or no production of insulin
• Type 2 Diabetes in which the body becomes resistant to the action of insulin leading to increased blood sugar levels,
• Prediabetes occurs when the blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as Type 2 Diabetes.
• Gestational Diabetes is high sugar level during pregnancy caused due to production of insulin blocking hormones by the placenta. They may not experience any of the diabetes symptoms.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is more common in our country. The risk factors include obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, family history, age, high blood pressure or cholesterol and to some extent, race.
Diabetes symptoms are related to the high blood and in turn urine sugar levels. These include:
• Increased Hunger
• Increased Thirst
• Frequent urge to urinate
• Extreme fatigue
• Weight Loss
• Delayed or slow would healing
• Blurry Vision
Diabetes symptoms specific to men include erectile dysfunction and decreased muscle mass or strength. In women, specific diabetes symptoms include UTIs, yeast infection and dry itchy skin.
Type 1 is managed with insulin therapy. Type 2 may be managed with diet and lifestyles changes or medication to lower blood sugar if these don’t work.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a major concern for the elderly population, being the single most common disease affecting people of this age group. In India, the prevalence rate of Type 2 in the elderly population was found to be around 30%. The disease and its complications affect the quality of life of the elderly. Diabetes also increases their risk of cardiovascular mortality.
Elderly people with diabetes require special attention. Emoha Elder Care’s home nurses are medically trained to care for such patients. From making sure that their medication or insulin is being taken on time to guaranteeing their safety and looking out for any related complications, they will ensure that the elderly under their care has all his needs met.