Today, around 8 billion people live in the world. Regardless of the enormous numbers of people, we all share one commonality: we all are ageing. We all undergo the ageing process from the time of birth till the time of death. Nevertheless, how well we age is ultimately up to each of us.
Psychology of Old Age
Accepting ageing may be pretty challenging. It could have a significant psychological effect when we cannot perform with the same energy and physical tasks we did when we were younger or maybe just a few years back. Bones fracture more easily, eyesight becomes blurrier, hair greys or flakes away, and muscle fibres become less supple.
The Fundamental Ideas of Positive Ageing
Positive ageing means healthy ageing, making most of the getting old, and maintaining a good and positive attitude about life. It results as people age while acknowledging the potential challenges of becoming older. According to this viewpoint, becoming older is a normal and healthy facet of life that it is. Positive attitudes toward ageing can affect general well-being throughout a person’s lifetime. Healthy ageing is “the act of creating and preserving the motor purpose that promotes well-being in later age,” according to the World Health Organisation.
Positive ageing is based on a few key ideas, including:
- Recognising that ageing is a natural and healthy part of existence
- Consider ageing to be a worthwhile and enjoyable experience.
- Accepting change
- Embracing ageing as a fact and embracing something than resisting it
- Taking care of a senior’s bodily, psychological, intellectual, religious, and social requirements
- During life, determining your purpose, reason, and meaning
We can accept the adjustment that becoming senior brings or feels much better about the ageing process by seeing ageing through the perspective of positive ageing.
Essential Advice for Healthy Ageing
- Be active and energetic: Exercise has many other benefits besides improving your mood. It lowers the risk of several age-related disorders, such as arthritis, diabetes, and cardiovascular problems. Additionally, it slows down ageing naturally. For instance, as we age, we lose muscle mass, and resistance exercise can halt and stop muscle loss. We can rise off the ground with better stance, stability, and stamina when interacting with the grandkids. Additionally, there is a link between cognitive performance and physical exercise. According to studies, those who engaged in greater physical activity had a minor mental impairment and higher executive performance, which is crucial for daily tasks like paying close attention and memorising words. Executive functioning is the capacity for memory retention, problem-solving, time management, and executing complicated activities requiring forethought or judgment.
- Use your mind: You’ve probably heard the adage “using it or losing it.” That is the situation, with healthy ageing. According to studies, mental activities may prevent cognitive impairment in the future. Similar to physical exercise, participating in mental functions can enhance cognition, attentiveness, and fluid intelligence—a form of intellect unrelated to learning, experiences, or schooling. It is the capacity to think creatively, see patterns, make connections, and devise plans for addressing issues. This may be compared to wisdom acquired later in life.
- Be involved in society: Building and sustaining friendships, family, colleagues, and the community are necessary for social activities. These relationships with the community might be made through being involved in groups, religion, or voluntary work. There is a connection to cognition once more. In a sampling of over 3,000 German individuals aged 52 to 83, those with more excellent social relationships performed better cognitively than those with less. We are aware that a lack of social interaction can lead to social isolation, which has been linked to an increased risk of dementia by 50%, coronary heart disease or strokes by 30%, and all mortality by 26%, per a review of several pieces of research. Additionally, social solitude later in life poses a health hazard on par with obesity or consuming 13 cigarettes per day. Social interaction is both preventive and treatment, and it also makes life much more enjoyable.
- Have a good outlook on becoming older: How one feels about getting older might affect how long one lives. Beca Levy, a Yale psychologist, discovered that someone with a favourable attitude toward ageing lived around seven and a half decades longer than someone with a pessimistic attitude. Strong links between the mind and body exist. One study found that adults in their middle years without cognitive decline with unfavourable attitudes toward ageing were much more likely to experience brain alterations connected to Alzheimer’s disease. The brain changes worse with increasingly pessimistic viewpoints. Another study discovered that those with a positive attitude toward ageing were robust and much more able to bounce back from severe health setbacks.
- Have a feeling of intent: Michael Buettner researched traits common by the world’s longest-living individuals for his Blue Zone research. His research in Okinawa revealed a few of those traits: the seniors he spoke with had a feeling of purpose. It is known as IKIGAI in Japanese, which means “a reason to wake up every morning.” Having significance in our existence or being useful are two more ways to feel as though you have meaning in life. It is concentrating on your priorities.
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The key to healthy ageing is the right mindset. No matter how old we are, having a bad attitude can only worsen your event. Positive ageing isn’t “roses and daisies all the time” and ageing may be challenging. But research supports our perspective on the negatives.
Ageing gracefully focuses on maintaining and improving our health and quality of life as we mature. The objective is to require as little support as possible to carry out our regular activities. It also involves benefitting everyone around us instead of burdening our carers.
What causes human ageing?
Early adulthood begins a long, ongoing process of natural change called ageing. Many body processes start to deteriorate in the early middle years gradually. At no certain age do people become senior, and seniority has traditionally been defined as commencing at the age of 65 years.
What brings on ageing?
When proteins or lipids are exposed to sugar, ageing occurs. Increased amounts may cause oxidative stress, which accelerates ageing. Heat shock proteins defend cells from stress, but as we age, they become less effective.
Can you stop becoming older?
Ageing cannot be stopped entirely; it is a natural process of life. By embracing a healthy lifestyle, you might be able to slow it down and contribute to the prevention of age-related disorders. That includes routines like maintaining a nutritious diet, using sunscreen daily, and working out.
What is typical ageing?
In the absence of disease, normal ageing is the outcome of a complicated, gradual process. It is important to remember that everyone ages at a different rate and significant physical and functional differences between people of the same age can also be seen.