Cataract refers to clouding of the lens inside the eye, causing cataract symptoms like vision loss in some cases. Cataract is a common condition among the elderly and there are about 20 lakhs new cases in India every year.
Contrary to popular belief, having a cataract does not always mean a cataract surgery is indicated. A lot of times, people may not even notice any vision loss and many of these conditions are dealt with the help of using prescription glasses, magnifying glasses and bright lighting.
With progression of condition, cataract symptoms worsen and start to interfere with one’s daily activities. Common cataract symptoms include dimmed or blurred vision, double vision, poor night vision and sensitivity to glare. Cataract symptoms can feel like looking through a foggy or dusty windshield where things may look blurry, hazy or less colorful.
When it starts to interfere with tasks like using the computer, reading, driving, doing household chores or watching television is when a cataract operation should be considered.
Cataract surgery includes replacing the eye’s natural lens with an artificial one, called the intraocular lens (IOL). Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure, takes an hour or less to perform. The procedure is performed while you are awake, but with numbing eye drops making the cataract operation essentially painless. First, eye drops are placed to both anaesthetise and dilate the pupil. A mild sedative may also be given to keep you relaxed during the surgery. During a cataract operation, the clouded lens is removed, and a clear artificial lens is usually implanted. However, in some cases, a cataract may be removed without implanting an artificial lens.
With the advent of modern technologies, cataract surgery has become a fast, easy and relatively low risk procedure. It can help restore lost vision and can often reduce one’s dependence on glasses as well.
After the cataract operation, you will be prescribed medicated eye drops to use for a few weeks after cataract surgery and protective eye shield to wear while sleeping for about a week after surgery. You will also be given a special pair of post-operative sunglasses to protect your eyes from sunlight. Take care to avoid getting soap or water directly in the eye.
During your healing period, one might experience some redness and blurred vision soon after the procedure. Care should be taken to avoid strenuous activities, exercising, sports and driving in the first week after your surgery. Additional help in the form of a caretaker may be required in most cases as one would be unable to get back to their daily life immediately after the surgery. Emoha Elder Care offers at home skilled nurses and caretakers to look after your post recovery needs like timely medication and assistance with other tasks. With Emoha’s help, find your recovery in the right hands.