Arthritis is the painful inflammation of joints, the tissues that surround the joints and other connective tissue. It can affect one or multiple joints.
The symptoms of this condition usually appear over time and can impair a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks. Depending on the type of arthritis, the symptoms may include joint pain, stiffness, swelling and redness of the skin around the joint and a decreased range of motion. The symptoms may appear worse in the morning and usually worsen with age.
There are over 100 different types of arthritis. The most commonly seen conditions include:
a. Rheumatoid Arthritis: In this type of arthritis, inflammation occurs in the joints and surrounding tissues without any reason and causes damage to these structures, resulting in pain and stiffness.
b. Osteoarthritis: This type of arthritis involves damage to the cartilage that surrounds the bone. To compensate for this loss, the bone may remodel and undesirable bone growths may develop, resulting in pain and stiffness.
c. Tennis Elbow: This type of arthritis is felt more in the tissues surrounding the joint than the joint itself. It may affect the joint following injury or overuse.
d. Infectious arthritis: This type of arthritis occurs due to infection of the joint by some bacteria, virus or fungus. It is mostly treated with antimicrobial medication; however, the arthritis can sometimes become chronic due to irreversible joint damage. Organism that can infect the joint include Salmonella and Shigella that spread through food, Sexually transmitted Diseases (STDs) like chlamydia and gonorrhea and Hepatitis C.
e. Gout: It is a type of arthritis that occurs when the body’s level of uric acid is high. It can either come in episodes or become chronic if uric acid levels remain high.
Arthritis treatment focuses mainly on pain reduction and prevention of further damage to the joints. The most commonly used treatment modalities include:
a. Medications: Analgesics such as Vicodin, Tylenol can help manage pain. Non Steriodal Anti Inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and salicylates help control the inflammation and provide pain relief. Menthol or Capsaicin creams or Immunosuppressant are also used.
b. Surgery: Joint replacement surgery where the joint is replaced with an artificial one is another core component of arthritis treatment.
c. Physical Therapy: It involves exercises that help strengthen the muscles and tissues around the affected joint and is an essential part of arthritis treatment.
A recent census found that on average, almost 50% of the people aged 65 and above have had a medical diagnosis of this health condition. The symptoms of these conditions usually worsen with age and may impair an elderly person’s ability to perform day-to-day activities as well as increase their risk of injuries.
Emoha Elder Care’s Care Angels (nurses) and Care Partners (attendants) are professionally trained and medically equipped to handle the needs of such patients to ensure their safety and provide care during arthritis treatment.
To know more about it, please feel free to reach out to us on 1800-123-44-5555.