Know all about the 9 Navratri goddesses

What are the names of the 9 Navratri goddesses and their 9 specific Prasad?

When we talk about the Navratri festival, the first thing that comes to mind is the magnificent and pious image of maa Durga – the symbol of shakti or divine mother, immersing our soul in the sense of admiration, piousness, and utter devotion. During Navratri, we pray to the nine forms of maa Durga for nine nights, and a special bhog is made for every form to serve the nine Navratri Goddesses. Every form has its significance, and it marks the supremacy of the feminine shakti above all. It is believed that during this time, maa Durga especially descends to earth from her heavenly abode to bless her worshippers and end all the surrounding negativities. 

The sound of rhythmic drum beats, the aroma of various delicacies, eye-catching décor of different pandals in different places transport us to the world of sheer divinity and holiness and adds to the grandeur.

Significance of Prasad during Navratri

Prasad is a kind of offering, which can be in food, or liquid form, offered to the gods to seek their blessings and grace. It is believed that when the devotee consumes the same food as offered to the almighty, they embrace the positivity and good luck emanating from it. During Navratri, nine avatars of maa Durga are worshipped with great zeal and devotion. As all these nine goddesses manifest different characteristics, different delicacies in the form of bhog are made for them.

Let’s know the nine Devis and the particular prasad offered and understand what makes this festival unique worldwide:

Day1: Goddess Shailputri

Special offering: Pure desi ghee 

Navratri’s first day is devoted to maa Shailputri. Goddess Shailputri, born to Lord Himalaya, is the daughter (putri) of the mountain (Shaila). She also goes by the name Hemavati. Due to her marriage to Lord Shiva, Goddess Shailputri is also revered as Parvati. The goddess, who represents the holy trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh, sits on a white bull and has a crescent moon on her forehead. A trident may be seen in her right hand while a lotus in her left. On this day, a special Desi Ghee Prasad is offered to her to receive her blessings. It is said that giving desi ghee Prasad to her makes the life of the devotee disease free and blissful.

Day 2: Goddess Brahmacharini

Special offering: Sugar and fruits

The goddess Brahmacharini is revered on the second day of Navratri. The unmarried form of Goddess Parvati is revered as Goddess Brahmacharini. Goddess Brahmacharini walks barefoot and has a rudraksh mala in one hand and Kamandal in the other hand. She represents tenacity, repentance, nobility, virtue, and renunciation. The Prasad, made up of sugar and fruits, is given to her to seek her grace.

Day 3: Goddess Chandraghanta

Special offering: Kheer, milk, and sweets

The Goddess Chandraghanta, a symbol of harmony and quietness, is revered on the third day. It is believed that Goddess Chandraghanta is the married form of goddess Parvati. Scriptures claim that during a massive conflict between gods and demons, the sound waves from her ghanta (bell) on her forehead killed many of her evil foes. She is said to destroy all that is negative around her devotees, and she rides a lion or a tiger as her vehicle. The fierce goddess is gratified when milk, sweets, or kheer are presented. 

Day 4: Goddess Kushmanda

Special offering: Malpua

Goddess Kushmanda is the fourth avatar of goddess Durga. She is touted to be the creator of the universe with energy and warmth. She resides inside the sun and balances the light and energy for the universe to absorb. It is believed that she expels the darkness from the lives of her devotees and blesses them with excellent health and wealth. She is most happy with the bhog of Malpua from her devotees.

Day 5: Goddess Skandamata

Special offering: A bhog made up of bananas

Navratri’s fifth day, also known as Panchami, Skandmata, Durga’s fifth manifestation, is worshipped. Goddess Skandamata is a four-armed deity and carries a bell in one arm, a kamandalu in another arm, and a lotus in two of her arms. Moreover, she is seen sitting little Kartikay on her lap. The goddess is known as Skandamata because Kartikay, her and lord Shiva’s elder son, is also known as Skanda. She stands straight and tranquil. She rides a lion. It is believed that offering Goddess Skandamata a bhog of bananas will keep her followers blessed and healthy. 

Day 6: Goddess Katyayani

Special offering: Honey

The sixth day of Navratri is about goddess Katyayani. Goddess Parvati assumed the persona of Goddess Katyayani, the warrior Goddess, to exterminate the monster Mahishasura. It is said that to eliminate Mahishasur, she took birth as the child of sage Katyayan, hence named Katyani. She is Goddess Parvati’s most violent incarnation. During Navratri, give the Prasad of honey to Devi Katyayani to learn how to channel your rage constructively and effectively.

Day 7: Goddess Kalratri

Special offering: Jaggery or sweets made of jaggery

On the seventh day, we worship goddess Kalratri. She is the most ferocious incarnation of goddess Parvati. It is said that Goddess Parvati shed her golden skin to kill Nishumbha and Shumbha demons and took the form of goddess Kalratri. This fierce goddess is known to protect her worshippers from all kinds of negativities and evil powers. Devotees please goddess Kalratri by offering delicacies made up of jaggery or simple jaggery.

Day 8: Goddess Mahagauri

Special offering: Coconut

Devotees worship Goddess Mahagauri on the eighth day of Navratri. She is a four-armed deity who rides a white elephant or bull. Other names she is known by are Shambhavi, Charbhuji, and Shwetambhardhara. It is believed that 16-year-old unmarried Parvati was fair and beautiful. Therefore, she was given the name of goddess Mahagauri. She represents purity, innocence, wisdom, calmness, and austerity. Devotees offer the Prasad of coconut to goddess Mahagauri to seek her blessings.

Day 9: Goddess Siddidatri

Special offering: Sesame seeds

The last day of Navratri marks the worshipping of the goddess Siddidatri. In the name, “Siddi” means superpowers, and “dhatri” means the giver. It is believed that at the beginning of the universe, Lord Rudra prayed Adi-Parashakti for creation. The supreme Adi-Parashakti appeared in the form of Siddhidatri. Offer the bhog of sesame seeds to maa Siddhidatri to achieve all sorts of wisdom and siddhis.

Conclusion

Navratri is about praying the nine different forms of maa Durga for nine nights. These nine days are a kind of journey of devotion from day one to day nine for the worshippers towards maa Durga. Every day has its spiritual significance, festivities, and a way to show affection to the divine mother. Various cultural and spiritual; programs are conducted in different parts of the world. These nine days are like a fair that keeps our spirits submerged in the piousness of the occasion. Fragrances of different kinds of bhogs and prasad keep our taste buds ticking. 

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FAQs

What is the prasad on the 9th day of Navratri? 

Delicacies made up of sesame seeds are offered to maa Siddidatri on the ninth day of Navratri.

What prasad is offered in Navratri? 

Different kinds of Prasad are offered to maa Durga and her nine forms during Navratri. From Desi ghee to honey, coconut to malpua, various types of bhogs are prepared for maa Durga.

What is Durga Maa Favourite sweet? 

From kheer to malpua, maa Durga loves a variety of sweets.

What are the 9 avatars of Durga

Goddess Shailputri, Goddess Brahmacharini, Goddess Chandraghanta, Goddess Kushmanda, Goddess Skandamata, Goddess Katyayni, Goddess Mahagauri, Goddess Siddhadhatri, and Goddess Kalratri are the nine avatars of maa Durga.

Which form of maa Durga killed Nishumbha and Shumbha demons?

It is said that Goddess Parvati shed her golden skin to kill Nishumbha and Shumbha demons and took the form of goddess Kalratri.

Read more:

Navratri 2022 Dates and Durga Puja Muhurat

All About 9 Avatars of Durga and  9 Colours to Wear This Festive Week

Everything about Navratri

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